Happy Independence Day Mauritius 2023 | Mauritius Independence History | Mauritius History | Mauritius Sightseeing | Mauritius Nearby | Mauritius Traffic and Transport | Mauritius Geographical Conditions | Mauritius Culture | Hindu influence on politics and society | Mauritius Ramayana Center | Mauritius Language | Mauritius Food and Drink
Happy Independence Day Mauritius 2023 -:
Mauritius (English: Mauritius) is a country with the Blue Sea and White Sea coasts. It is one of the most beautiful islands in the world, for which Mark Twain said that- “God first made Mauritius and then made heaven out of it.” Mauritius and India share a very deep bond. Indian-origin Sir Seevsagar Ramgoolam led the way in getting Mauritius independence from colonial rule. Even today, seeing the prevalence of Hindi and Bhojpuri there, the smell of Indian soil can be felt on foreign land. The country is one of the countries with the highest per capita income in Africa.
Mauritius Independence History (Mauritius History) -:
If we look at the history of Mauritius, the oldest records date back to around the beginning of the 10th century, which comes from references to Dravidian (Tamil) and Austronesian sailors. Portuguese sailors first came here in 1507 AD. He established a travel base on this uninhabited island and then left the island. In 1598 AD, three ships of Holland, which had set out on a journey to the Spice Islands, reached here by wandering during a cyclone. He named the island Mauritius in honor of his crown prince Maurice of Nassau. In 1638, the Dutch established the first permanent settlement here.
The Dutch abandoned the island after a few decades due to the harsh climatic conditions with cyclones and frequent damage to the settlement. France, which already had control over its neighboring Isle Bourbon (now Reunion) island, annexed Mauritius in 1715 and renamed it ‘Île de France’ (Island of France). Under French rule, the island developed a prosperous economy based on sugar production. This economic change was initiated by Governor François Mahé de Labordonais. During its many military conflicts with Britain, France harbored outlawed pirate corsairs, who often robbed British ships carrying valuable trade cargo during their voyages between India and Britain. The British were able to gain control of the island during the Napoleonic Wars during 1803–1815.
Despite winning the Battle of Grand Port, which was Napoleon’s only maritime victory over the British, the French were defeated by the British three months later at Cape Malheureau. He formally surrendered on December 3, 1810 AD with certain conditions. The conditions were that the French language would continue to be used on the island and French law would apply to citizens in criminal matters. The name of the island was changed back to Mauritius under British rule. In 1965 Britain separated the Chagos Archipelago from Mauritius.
They did this to establish British Indian Ocean Territory so that they could use the strategically important islands for various purposes for defense cooperation with the United States. Although the then government of Mauritius agreed with his move, the subsequent governments called his move illegal under international law and asserted their authority over these island groups. Mauritius gained independence in 1968 and the country became a republic in 1992 under the Commonwealth of Nations.
Mauritius is a stable democracy, with regular free elections and a good human rights record. Due to this, there has been a lot of foreign investment here.
|Attainment of Independence||1968|
|Posture (Currency)||Mauritian Rupee (MUR)|
|Traffic Movement Direction||left|
|National Sentence||“Stella Clavisque Maris Indici” (Latin) “Star and Key of the Indian Ocean”|
|Other information||About 52 percent of the population of Mauritius is Hindu. The number of Shaivites is the maximum among the Hindus here. This is the reason why there is an abundance of Shiva temples here.|
Mauritius Sightseeing -:
The white beaches spread far and wide make Mauritius dreamy. Its glistening white sand beaches are a paradise for those who want to enjoy the sea or just soak up the sun. The island is dotted with large public beaches providing endless possibilities for relaxing during the week and ample opportunities to socialize with the locals on the weekends. Most public beaches are ideal for swimming. The northern part of Mauritius is famous for water sports like water skiing, windsurfing, sailing, deep water fishing, parasailing, etc. The bars, restaurants, and clubs here come alive in the evening where you can even watch the sunset.
- The eastern part is more green and underdeveloped, due to which you see nature in full color here. The white beaches of Palmar and Balmar are very picturesque.
- The southeast is famous for its high cliffs from where you have beautiful views as you head towards the southern tip of the island. Here the open sea comes down to the land through the crevices between the rocks and creates a dreamy scene by hitting the rocks.
- On the west coast, you can enjoy amazing sunsets and deep-water fishing. Surfers should head to Temerin which is the surfing center of Mauritius. Here beginners can learn the basics of surfing at the surf school.
- Most beach hotels in Mauritius provide complimentary water sports facilities to their guests. Scuba diving, parasailing, and deep-sea fishing are available at an additional cost.
Mauritius Nearby -:
Climb La Pur or ‘The Thumb’, at 812 meters, for stunning 360-degree views of Port Louis and the north. It is an easy two-hour trek from La Laura village and another 2 hours to reach Port Louis. You can go by bike, horse, or four-wheel drive to the Mocca Moutain where the 1500-hectare Nature Park of Domaine Pelléas is located. You can also visit the Sugar Mill and Rum Distillery by train or horse-drawn carriage. You can visit Black River Gorge National Park to see the local flora, birds, and wildlife.
Because of the thousands of Nile crocodiles, La Vanille des Mascarenes is also called ‘Crocodile Park’ in the common language. You can see examples of beautiful colonial architecture in regal Port Louis, such as the Government House. See the world’s rarest stamps at the Blue Penny Museum or visit the Natural History Museum. You can shop for souvenirs at the bustling Central Market in Port Louis, the Croft Market at the Caudan Waterfront, or the shopping centers that pop up all over the island.
Mauritius Traffic and Transport -:
There are Air Mauritius flights to Mauritius from Mumbai, Chennai, and Delhi which operate 4 times a week from Mumbai, 1 time from Chennai, and 2 times from Delhi. Sir Seebsagar Ramgoolam Airport, commonly known as Plaisance Airport, is 48 km from Port Louis. is in the southeast. Taxis are available to travel into the city which takes 45 minutes.
Mauritius Geographical Conditions -:
Mauritius is blessed with a mild, tropical climate throughout the year. There are no seasonal changes or variations in temperature. Mauritius has pleasant sunny weather. This beautiful country has two seasons, hot summer from November to April and dry and cold winter from June to September. October and May these two months are going to change the weather. The hottest months of the year are January and February. The coolest months are July and August with a temperature of 16.4 °C.
The weather in Mauritius is magical. It often happens here that it rains in one area and the sun shines brilliantly in another area only a few kilometers away. Rain falls in almost all months, but December to April are the worst months. Tropical cyclones sometimes occur during these months, causing heavy rainfall and very strong winds. Rainfall varies from region to region, but the annual rainfall on this island is 210 mm. Happens till then.
The island of Mauritius receives 6 to 8 hours of sunshine daily. Sunrise in summer is around 5 am, while in winter sunrise starts an hour later. In the summer months, the higher reaches get 6 hours of good sunlight, while the coastal areas get 7 to 8 hours of sunlight. In winter, there is 5 hours of sunshine throughout the day, while the coast has 7 hours of sunshine.
Sea temperature -:
The sea temperature around Mauritius is generally pleasant, ranging from 26–25 °C in summer to 23–25 °C in summer. In winter, anticyclones are sometimes formed due to drops of 2 or 3 °C in temperature. The coral reefs surrounding the entire island are the result of excellent and ideal sea conditions. The rocks make it an ideal location. Due to heavy rains, there may be a change in the temperature of the water.
sand in your toes and wind in your hair; This is the perfect way to spend your holidays in Mauritius. Here the sun is located near the equator in the sky, which is the reason for the extreme heat of the country. Trade winds are surface winds that blow from subtropical high-pressure areas. This southeast trade wind has a direct impact on the climate of Mauritius. They push the clouds to collect on the mountains to the southeast of the island, after which the clouds gradually shed their remaining moisture in the form of rain and strong winds.
Although the easterly southeast winds blow throughout most of the year, they are actually harmless and pleasant. Whereas in the case of cyclones, the situation can be very critical. Cyclones occur during the months of January to March. During this time there is a rapid increase in the temperature of air and water. Statistics show that Mauritius is at the center of a cyclone every 5 years. Yet the island has only been hit by three to five hurricanes.
Mauritius Culture -:
Mauritius is also known for its delicious food, which is a fusion of Indian, Chinese, Creole, and European cuisines. Rum is produced on a large scale on this island. In 1638 AD, Dutch people first introduced sugarcane to Mauritius. The Dutch cultivated sugarcane primarily for the production of arak (an earlier form of rum). But under the French and British administrations, sugarcane agriculture was practiced extensively, which significantly boosted the island’s economy.
Pierre Charles François Harel was the first to propose local distillation of rum in Mauritius in 1850. Sega is the local folk music here. Sega is originally African music, which uses traditional instruments, such as the raven made from goat skin. Sega usually describes the tortures of the days of slavery. Along with this, the social problems of the blacks are also raised in these songs. The instruments are usually played by the men and the women dance together. These shows are regularly organized in the hotels of the coastal area.
Hindu influence on politics and society -:
About 52 percent of the population of Mauritius is Hindu. Highest in the continent of Africa. Obviously, they will have primacy over local politics, society, and culture. A kind of renaissance is going on in Mauritius at the level of religious faith, behind which is hidden the hard work of many Hindu organizations for decades. Hindu Swayamsevak Sangh, Hindu Mahasabha, Vishwa Hindu Parishad, Mauritius Sanatan Dharma Mandir Sangh, Mauritius Arya Sabha, Arya Samaj, Sanatan Dharma Pracharini Sabha, Mauritius Tamil Mandir Sangh, Mauritius Andhra Sabha, Mauritius Marathi Mandali Sangh, etc. are specially mentioned in these organizations.
But it happens. The Hindu Swayamsevak Sangh, as the Mauritius chapter of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, is engaged in furthering the ideology and work of the Sangh. Mauritius also has branches of Chinmaya Mission, Mata Amritanandamayi Ashram, Ramakrishna Mission, ISKCON, and Brahmakumari Ashram, etc., which have influenced the social fabric here.
The number of Shaivites is the highest among the Hindus of Mauritius. This is the reason why there is an abundance of Shiva temples here. The Maheshwarnath Temple, also known as Triolet Shivala, located in the northern part of Mauritius, is also no less famous than the Ganga Talab. In fact, this temple has been an important symbol of Hindu identity in Mauritius for over two centuries. On a picturesque island in eastern Mauritius is the extremely Sagar Shiva Temple.
The flag of the Sagar Shiv Temple fluttering amidst the sea waves and sea breeze coming from all sides seems to be announcing that the flag of Indianism and spirituality will always remain high in Mauritius. There is a special thing about the temples of Mauritius. No matter who the main deity of the temple is, there will be idols of dozens of other deities. This is so that every person of every faith can see his deity. By the way, it is mandatory to have a temple in the homes of the Indians here and this is the temple of Hanuman.
Similarly, organizations, temples, etc. of Hindus of North Indian background feel connected with Hindi. There is also a separate organization of about three hundred Hindi-speaking temples, whose name is Sanatan Dharma Mandir Sangathan. Primary Hindi classes are held in many temples, in which small children are taught the Hindi alphabet.
Many literary, educational, and cultural events related to Hindi are also held here. These temples, which are becoming centers of community activities for Hindi speakers, carry out their religious responsibilities as well as the spread of languages as their objective. However, temples are also becoming centers of cultural and linguistic activities for Indians in countries like America, Canada, England, etc.
Mauritius Ramayana Center -:
The Parliament of Mauritius enacted a law in 2001 to establish the ‘Ramayana Centre’, which has now become an international center for Hinduism and Ramayana studies. In the Parliament of Mauritius, people of other sects including Muslims, and Christians supported the proposal to build a Ramayana Center from Eksur. The Ramayana Center of Mauritius first came into the limelight when the Parliament of this place approved the construction of this institution by enacting a law.
The law was enacted by the Parliament in 2001 and its construction started the next year. Mauritius is one of the few countries in the world where almost half of the population (52 percent) is Hindu, but people of other religions also live here in significant numbers. About 30 percent of the people are Christians and Muslims make up 17 percent of the population.
Mauritius, located in the Indian Ocean but geographically close to the African continent, is declared a secular nation by its constitution. This is the reason why when a law was made for the Ramayana Center by the Parliament, a lot of surprises were expressed on it all over the world including India. The question also arose whether Mauritius is on its way to becoming a Hindu nation. But those who understand this country say that Ram and Ramayana may be a purely religious subject for half of the Mauritians, but are a cultural heritage for almost the entire population.
According to Mauritian writer Pandit Rajendra Arun, ‘In the National Parliament of Mauritius, people of other sects, including Muslims and Christians, unanimously supported the proposal to set up a Ramayana Center. This is a symbol of the fact that the teachings of Ramayana are important for all.
The teachings of the Ramayana are considered so important in Mauritian society that it has been made a part of the school curriculum there. Though it is an optional subject, most of the children here love to study it. This popularity of Ramayana has laid the foundation of the Ramayana Center in this country. Another special feature of the Mauritius Ramayana Center is that it has organized several international conferences related to Ramayana and Hinduism over the years.
When to visit -:
Mauritius is the dream destination for family holidays. The weather in Mauritius is warm and pleasant for most of the year. It remains good as a place for good travel throughout the year. For beach lovers, the summer months are the best. The cold weather during the winter months reduces the humidity in the atmosphere of Mauritius and is the perfect time to indulge in activities like hiking, trekking, and quad biking. Diving enthusiasts should visit between December to mid-March. At this time the sea water remains clean.
Mauritius Language -:
The official language of Mauritius is English, so all administrative work of the government is done in English. Along with English, French is also used in the education system. The French language is the main language of the media, whether broadcast or print. Apart from this, mainly French is also used in matters of business and industry. Mauritian Creole is the most widely spoken language here. Hindi is also spoken and understood by a large section.
Mauritius Food and Drink -:
The local flavor here has come from 3 continents, developed over time by residents with different cultural heritage and culinary traditions who have migrated from those continents. Visitors can taste Indian, Chinese, Greol, and European cuisines all in one place, all combined to create a unique flavor. The local favorite snack is a must-try ‘dhol puri’, a yellow lentil-stuffed flour puri served with curry and tomato sauce. Faratta, Jillar Bites or ‘Samosa’ are also a favorite here.
Independence for Mauritius 1968 Video -:
Q. What is the history of the independence of Mauritius?
Ans -: If we look at the history of Mauritius, the oldest records date back to around the beginning of the 10th century, which comes from references to Dravidian (Tamil) and Austronesian sailors. Portuguese sailors first came here in 1507 AD. He established a travel base on this uninhabited island and then left the island.
Q. What are the places to visit in Mauritius?
Ans -: The white beaches spread far and wide make Mauritius dreamy. Its glistening white sand beaches are a paradise for those who want to enjoy the sea or just soak up the sun. The island is dotted with large public beaches providing endless possibilities for relaxing during the week and ample opportunities to socialize with the locals on the weekends. Most public beaches are ideal for swimming.
Q. What is Mauritius Nearby?
Ans -: Climb La Pur or ‘The Thumb’, at 812 meters, for stunning 360-degree views of Port Louis and the north. It is an easy two-hour trek from La Laura village and another 2 hours to reach Port Louis. You can go by bike, horse, or four-wheel drive to the Mocca Moutain where the 1500-hectare Nature Park of Domaine Pelléas is located.
Q. How is the geographical location of Mauritius?
Ans -: Mauritius is blessed with a mild, tropical climate throughout the year. There are no seasonal changes or variations in temperature. Mauritius has pleasant sunny weather. This beautiful country has two seasons, hot summer from November to April and dry and cold winter from June to September.
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